Cosmetics in US and India: Overview of Regulations and Registration process

  • Abhimanyu Rampal
  • S P Yamini Kanti


Cosmetics, for a long period of time have been used as beauty products for the care of body and face which eventually enhances a person’s appearance. These products are usually constituted from a mixture of different chemical compounds which are synthetic as well as organic in nature. For a long period of time, these products have not come under the ambit of regulatory authorities and have gone through the markets unchecked. The way a drug manufacturing and sale process is monitored by the regulatory authorities across the world, which includes careful monitoring of clinical trials, scrutinizing research results like safety, efficacy and quality of a drug has been avoided for a long period of time in case of parameters related to cosmetics. Some groups alleged that the industry practices are flawed, that there is little government regulation, and that cosmetics contain cancer-causing chemicals and other toxicants which are harmful for human body. Rules have certainly changed over time and major countries like India have started following guidelines while giving regulatory approval to cosmetics just like USA. The U.S. (FDA) functions include the banning and restriction of ingredients for safety purposes. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) which is an independent review board that critically evaluates chemical ingredients used in cosmetics and publishes results of its findings. Similarly in India, CDSCO (Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation) and DCGI (Drug Controller General Of India), both are responsible for evaluating the composition of cosmetic products and their safety while referring to a drafted set of guidelines known as BIS( Bureau of Indian standards) guidelines. The article focuses on various aspects considered by USA and India while giving regulatory approval to cosmetic products.

Keywords: Cosmetics, US FDA, Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR), CDSCO


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How to Cite
Rampal, A., and S. P. Y. Kanti. “Cosmetics in US and India: Overview of Regulations and Registration Process”. International Journal of Drug Regulatory Affairs, Vol. 8, no. 4, Dec. 2020, pp. 20-24, doi:10.22270/ijdra.v8i4.430.